What is CBD?

To understand how cannabidiol (CBD) works you must understand the endocannabinoid system (ECS). The endocannabinoid system is internal to the body which is why it has the prefix ‘endo’ from the Greek word meaning ‘within, inner, absorbing, or containing’. It consists of endocannabinoids, cannabinoid receptors and enzymes.  Endocannabinoids are fatty substances or oils in microscopic quantities which interact or bind with cannabinoid receptors. Cannabinoid receptors are membranes in our body’s cells that enable signals to be passed back and forth. There are CB1 and CB2 receptors in the central nervous system and CB2 receptors in the immune and gastro-intestinal system.  Scientists have suggested that there is a CB3 receptor but this is still theory at present. The enzymes are responsible for the manufacture and disposal of endocannabinoids. Our body manufactures endocannabinoids in order to pass messages concerning functions such as pain, inflammation, memory, appetite and mood.

What is the history of CBD?

For thousands of years cannabis was grown widely across Europe, the USA and Asia. It was a basic agricultural crop, its fibre used for making rope and for weaving into textiles. It was used to make clothes, sails and other fabric products. It requires fewer chemicals and less processing than cotton to make it useable. Its seed can be eaten whole, ground into flour or pressed to produce a nutritious oil.  Cannabis leaves were treated as any other green vegetable and its flowers contain powerful compounds used as medicine to treat all sorts of ailments. In the late 1800s more than half of all pharmacy medicines contained cannabis.

Then, in the early part of the 20th century, cannabis became the subject of a prohibition campaign, with claims that it was a dangerous drug.  From about 1925 in Europe and 1937 in the USA, it was effectively banned worldwide. Although there is still a hangover from the misinformation around cannabis, science is now proving that it is an incredibly important plant and has enormous benefit to offer.

How do Dragonfly produce their CBD products?

Dragonfly Biosciences controls the process from seed to sale. Firstly, by growing our cannabis strain low in THC (>0.02) and high in CBD. We grow our CBD in certified land, this is then harvested, dried, extracted and formulated into our oil.

Is CBD legal in the UK and Europe?

Yes, CBD is legal in the EU as well as the US.

How does Dragonfly ensure quality with every product?

We ensure quality from seed through to consumption, to do this our products are tested at every stage. We organically grow our CBD product in EU certified land, before testing raw material, compounds and our final products through cannabinoid and terpene profiling, microbiological testing and pesticide testing.

 Is CBD safe?

CBD is considered very safe. All of Dragonfly Biosciences products endure stringent quality processes from seed through to consumption. We are confident that all our products are safe to use. However, if you are on other medication we would recommend consulting a doctor before taking CBD.

Does is have the same side effects as THC?

CBD does not contain the same psychoactive properties as THC, this means it can be ingested without the side effects associated with marijuana or cannabis. This is why it is quickly becoming a popular addition to people’s daily routine in the form of a supplement.

What dosage of CBD should I use?

Firstly, everyone is different and the information provided below is a guideline for new users to start, in order to get benefits from their CBD. As an initial step Dragonfly recommends starting small and gradually increasing until you experience the desired result. The standard serving is 25mg of CBD twice a day whether this be in paste or oil form. We also recommend increasing your dosage every 3-4 weeks. For further information on your dosage please contact [email protected]

We understand CBD but what is the difference between CBG, CBD-a and CBN?

Alongside, many of our CBD products we also produce a range of CBD-a, CBG and CBN oils, so what is the difference?


Cannabidiolic acid or CBDa is one of about a hundred cannabinoids present within the cannabis plant. First isolated in 1996, CBDa is a precursor of cannabidiol (CBD), currently one of the most sought after of the cannabinoids. Found most abundantly in the raw cannabis plant, the benefits of CBDa are only just beginning to be fully understood.

CBDa is just one of a spectrum of cannabinoids present in the mature cannabis plant. CBDa, like all cannabinoids, naturally interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system. Tasked with promoting homeostasis within your body, the endocannabinoid system is responsible for such functions as appetite, sleep, and immune response and maintains a healthy balance, allowing the body to thrive.


Cannabigerol (CBG) is a type of cannabinoid that was discovered in the 1960s along with cannabidiol (CBD), cannabichromene (CBC), cannabidivarin (CBDV), and tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV).

CBG is not found in high concentrations in most strains. Certain strains of hemp may have higher CBG content, but in general, most cannabis plants contain less than 1% CBG.

CBG is important because of its numerous health benefits, especially for people with disorders affecting the central nervous system, including neurological diseases, skin disorders, chronic pain, and others.


Cannabinol (CBN) is one of the lesser discussed cannabinoids found in marijuana. Even so, it is an important component of the plant. It also interacts with the endocannabinoid system to impact your health. 

Unlike THC, CBN produces very minor, if any, psychoactive effects. This is because CBN molecules do not fit very well into the CB1 receptors in the brain. It also has some trouble binding to CB2 receptors, but binds better to CB2 than CB1 receptors.

Are CBD and THC the same thing?

In short, absolutely not. As the two main ingredients in the cannabis plant, it can be easy to confuse CBD and THC. But other than both being called cannabinoids, they are not the same thing. High levels of THC are commonly found in the popular plant but less so in the case of CBD. It makes sense, then, that THC can send you soaring on a high while CBD is reassuringly non-psychoactive. Disappointing to recreational users, perhaps, but brilliant news for the thousands of people looking to benefit from its proposed curative properties without enduring unwanted side effects

How long does it take for CBD to take effect?

Eating CBD oil or paste takes from 20 minutes to an hour, depending on how much you ate before and how long ago your last meal was. It is best to take CBD oil on an empty stomach for faster effect. When applied to the skin, CBD oil takes between 30-45 minutes.

How can I consume CBD?

  • Orally – consuming the oil
  • By holding CBD under your tongue
  • Massaging CBD into the skin
  • Vaping

For further information see our blog post here: Different ways of taking CBD

What are the benefits of taking CBD oil?

We produce oil that is sold as a dietary supplement, we are not making any medical regarding the products. However, we do encourage your own research, there is a wealth of peer reviewed journals that provide evidence for the benefits of CBD.

Below are some areas of research surrounding the consumption of CBD:

  • Pain and Inflammation
  • Anxiety
  • Nausea
  • Cardiovascular
  • Cancer
  • Epilepsy and Seizures

Please see our directory of peer reviewed studies on the benefits of CBD here

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